Researchers at the University of Notre Dame have developed a big data method that uses electronic medical records to offer personalized healthcare.
The Collaborative Assessment and Recommendation Engine (CARE) system uses the data to develop personalized health profiles to aid in disease management and wellness.
Collaborate data with CARE
Nitesh Chawla, the Notre Dame computer science professor who developed the system, reported the research in the Journal of General Internal Medicine (subscription required). The idea, according to Chawla, is to shift from population-based evidence for healthcare decision making to a fusion of population- and individual-based evidence. The key question that CARE endeavors to answer is how to leverage population health data to drive patient-centered care.
What is new about CARE is that it seeks to fuse population data with more granular data culled from individual electronic health records. A patented filtering method captures patient similarities and produces individualized disease risk profiles. The system produces predictions based on a big data analysis from similar patients.
Data-powered early testing
The narrowest use of CARE could remind doctors about patient conditions they may have overlooked, Chawla wrote in the paper. Its full potential could involve an exploration of disease histories to suggest unconsidered risks and to facilitate early testing and wellness strategies.
"We believe that our work can lead to reduced re-admission rates, improved quality of care ratings, and can demonstrate meaningful use, impact personal and population health, and push forward the discussion and impact on the patient-centered paradigm," he wrote.
The quantified health assessment
Chawla envisions patients walking into physicians' offices with a list of concerns and questions and walking out with a personalized health assessment and a list of lifestyle change recommendations based on their predicted risks. Patients could also benefit from data that could predict risks and even shed light on rare and obscure symptoms, issues, and conditions.
The increasing use of electronic healthcare data and the demand for patient-centered outcomes could mean that Chawla's timing is right. Efforts to reduce hospital readmission rates and healthcare costs by focusing on preventive care and well-being could also play toward acceptance of CARE. The system "can help bend the cost curve."
User Rank: Petabyte Pathfinder 9/9/2013 | 5:53:06 AM
Re: A step in the right direction.
It's a big problem that need a big attention but we're not losing our faith here. its true there's a growing concerns about the privacy and security of the patient's health data, the main focus is on data sharing- the way they health data are being shared among healthcare providers. I believe we're doing some great advances in dealing with these problems.
User Rank: Exabyte Executive 9/3/2013 | 9:24:27 AM
Re: A step in the right direction. @Netcrawl Yes, healthcare organizations today use test and learn experiments using big data using techniques and improve. Now is an excellent time to take advantage of big data. Management is keen on deriving sense and decisions out of "big data."
Re: A step in the right direction. @legalcio there's space for a crossover with the Quantified self phenomonenon. As medical tracking devices become cheaper, they become disposable and shippable to those areas where personalized healthcare can't be delivered in person... it doesn't mean the data collection will cease.
User Rank: Petabyte Pathfinder 9/1/2013 | 8:23:11 PM
Re: A step in the right direction. @Keith big data is a game changer, it could provide a right methods of service delivery and might help identify individual care gaps and even predict whcih patients are likely to get sick.
User Rank: Petabyte Pathfinder 8/31/2013 | 2:23:09 PM
Re: A step in the right direction. Yes and will help people in many research projects and people can be a great source for doctors and manufacturing companies to make better medicines with results that have proven to be satisfactory.
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